What is a cool roof system?

A cool roof is designed differently than the common standard roof, in that the cool roof reflects more sunrays absorbing less heat than the standard roofs. Cool roof use paint that has higher light reflecting capabilities, reflective tiles, shingles or even sheet covering. Before installing cool roofs, its required of you to consider the climate of your region. Cool roof requires less conditioning compared to standard or dark roofs.

These roofs come with a couple of benefits compared to what standard roofs offer. Below is a short list of those benefits. Remember the benefits do stretch to the environment if the installation is done on large scale, like a whole community.

The benefits of cool roofs.

Those occupying cool roofed house will have the luxury of benefits like:

  • The roofs reduce conditioning needs thus saving on energy bills.
  • Improve the comfort of indoor spaces without conditioning.
  • The roofs reduce temperatures on the roof thus increasing the durability of your roof.
  • Reduce the urban heat island effect. This is the local temperature.
  • Helps in lowering peak demand for electricity. Preventing or reducing power outages.
  • Prevents the emissions of gases like nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, mercury, and sulfur dioxide. This is achieved by reducing energy used in cooling in the buildings.

There is an endless list of roof systems available. The surface that is exposed to the sun is the main determining factor in having a cool house. Even standard roofs can be made cool by using an appropriate surface.

Coatings for these roofs usually are white or made reflective pigments with the capability to reflect sunlight. The coating is usually thick protecting the surface of the roof from direct UV light and from chemical damage. Some even are water resistant and with restorative features too. These products are available for all roof types.

The low sloped roofs

  1. The single ply membranes.

These are sheets that are pre-fabricated on the rooftop that are attached with mechanical fasteners then adhered with the use of chemical adhesives. They are then held by ballast together. These are made cool by coating them with a black membrane.

  1. The built-up roofs.

This consist of a base sheet that is reinforced with fabric layers with a protective dark layer. These roofs can be made cool by;


  • Using dark gravel in flood coat used as asphalt in place of the reflective marble chips.
  • Instead of dark coating with reflective mineral granules or applied factory coating.
  • On top of the dark asphaltic emulsion, apply a cool coat.
  1. The modified bitumen membrane sheets

These do have more but mostly one layer of rubber or plastic that is reinforced with fabric, that has granule minerals on their surface, and some are smooth. When installed on a roof they are referred to as hybrid roofs. These roofs are made cool by pre-coating them with a cool roof coat.

When you decide to install a cool roof, first determine the cost and whether it will justify the energy savings. These will be among with climate and also the environment, the condition of your current roof, the roof you currently have and not forgetting the efficiency of your current cooling and heating system is. But if it’s a new house then decide while on the planning stage. But if it converting an already installed roof to a cool, then the following options are available for you;

  • Use heat-reflective specialized material to retrofit.
  • Use tile coating to recover the roof or use waterproofing surface.
  • Replace the old roof with a cool one.

If the roof is a bad state or about to attain its durability limit then it will be wise to replace it, re-cover it, or retrofit the entire roof.

The energy and cost saving.

These roofs do not cost more than the non-cool roof. When it comes to new roofs or replacing one. But when it comes to changing standard roofs in good condition, then that will be expensive. For these will include. Materials, maintenance, the recoating and the cleaning not forgetting the labor.

But after installation of the cool roof, the benefits make the whole process cheap for you will gain in energy savings, HVAC downsizing equipment, rebates, and incentives and it will give you a longer life (durability).

Though this may be beneficial to you, it’s better to consider the factors that will affect and lower the durability of such installation. These factors include;

  • Moisture.

• Climate and temperature

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How much does a developer cost in Ukraine?

How much does a developer cost in Ukraine?

An increasing number of enterprises globally outsource their IT services or software development to countries with lower living costs. The huge gap between the salaries say, in Canada and India, enables them to save the costs and trouble of running an in-house team. If only low prices were always coupled with high quality.


In this context, software development in Ukraine seems especially appealing. The country shares all advantages of Eastern Europe as an IT outsourcing destination but offers more competitive rates compared to neighboring Belarus, Czech Republic, and Poland. Stiff competition stimulates Ukraine’s 2,600 IT companies and 100,000+ specialists to provide high-quality services at fair prices. If you’re curious about the numbers or further saving opportunities – this article might be helpful.


Developers’ Geography and Rates


The answer to the title question depends on:


  1. where the agency or freelancer is located;
  2. the type of technology that is required;
  3. each developer’s programming language skill set and experience.


Ukraine’s outsourcing vendors offer mobile, web, and desktop development, UI/UX design, QA, dedicated development team building, R&D services, IT consulting, and full-stack solutions. Kyiv, the capital, has the highest number of developers (up to 40%). Other big IT hubs are Kharkiv (in the east of the country), Lviv in the west, Odessa in the south, and Dnipro in the center. Even regional centers like Vinnytsya or Zaporizhia have dozens of firms offering custom software development and offshore/nearshore outsourcing.

According to GoodFirms and Clutch, the average rate offered by top Ukrainian software development companies ranges within $25–49 per hour. A firm’s location matters a lot: the highest salaries are mostly in Kyiv and Odessa. They’re a bit lower in Lviv and Kharkiv, and Dnipro generally offers the lowest rates among the big cities. A company’s rates may also reflect its reputation based on past projects, experience in the industry, etc.


Java, .NET (C#), JavaScript, PHP, and Python are some of the most accessible technologies in Ukraine. Programmers that specialize in Java and C#/.NET earn more than PHP or JS devs. Java programmers are typically the highest-paid. For example, average monthly salaries of junior Java devs range from $570 (Lviv) to $880 (Odessa).


Middle and senior developers cost much higher than juniors, sometimes tenfold more. For instance, a senior PHP programmer in Dnipro earns $2,600/month against a junior’s $250.




The prices for software development in Ukraine vary significantly. The developers’ rates may differ even between towns short distances from one another, but a dev’s specialization and experience seems to be the most important factor. As a result, a junior PHP programmer in Lviv can cost you $200 per month while senior Java devs’ salaries in Kyiv are ranging around $3,500.


Still, usually they won’t exceed the prices for identical services in neighboring countries, let alone Western Europe or North America. Add to that comparable quality of the services and easy communication, and you’ll get an optimal choice for secure IT outsourcing.

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What Really Matters in Real Estate Customer Service?

The most important thing in real estate customer service is putting yourself in the customer’s shoes and keeping mind in what that customer is feeling and what he or she is looking for. Keep in mind; a real estate action is one of the most important things a person engages in during the life. When you show empathy to a client, it keeps communication open between you and your customer throughout the entire real estate process. Find out about inside sales agent real estate.

In addition, be responsive in helping your client. Give them timely updates on what is going on with their house hunting. And, follow through with what you tell them in a timely manner. Remember, responsiveness is something everyone appreciates.

Know what your customer wants
To ensure that you will be showing homes that your customers want, you must first communicate with them in depth on what they want. If they are not sure, have them write down in detail their needs and wants–especially when it comes to schools, services, hospital, restaurants and so on. Details here are most important.

Communicate effectively

Good communication is important in all areas of life, especially real estate. Real estate often fluctuates from day-to-day and that means if a customer is interested in a certain property and they don’t get quick information on a property, they will not only be disturbed, they will look for another agent. So, write that email, call or text and let them know what is going on.

Do more than is expected
These days, so much is given in a mediocre way but when you go the “extra mile” and do more than your customer expects, then they will stay with you and turn to you for help and guidance during the entire process.

Show how much you care
Remember, your real estate business is nothing without customers. Most customers feel great when they know they are appreciated. So, a closing gift such as a notepad or a hand-written note at the closing will show that you care and appreciate their business.

Be tech savvy
To be a successful and efficient real estate agent, you must be tech savvy. Being tech-savvy will help serve your customer well and will keep your business thriving. Use technology as a time-management tool, create fresh marketing resources and keep your customers engaged in the process. All of this will keep you on top.

Be a neighborhood expert
To be a great real estate agent, you need to know where the best restaurants are, the status of neighborhood schools, and know the ins and outs of nearby neighborhoods and to be “the experts” in marketing and contract negotiation. When you are a neighborhood expert, customers will turn to you before anyone else.

To conclude, the most important thing that matters in real estate customer service is putting yourself in the customer’s shoes and keeping mind mind what that customer is feeling and what he or she is looking for in a home. Follow the above guidelines and give great customer service that will not be forgotten!
Remember, your customer comes first!

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Parking Your Car At The Airport

Airport parking is a rather boring affair that’s near essential if you do quite long distance air travel. When you’re flying out of the airport, irrespective of whether it’s a trip for business or pleasure, you shouldn’t be worried about parking your vehicle. If you decide on parking Cleveland airport, you may rest assured you will arrive home to find your vehicle just how you left it.

If you simply arrive to the airport having no idea where you’re likely to park, you’re going to be in big trouble. It is not unusual for folks to drive themselves to the airport. Airports can bring about tension and anxiety among travelers. They are busy places and they need to make some improvements. By merely placing your car or truck in airport parking before you leave, you will have the ability to drive yourself to the airport, get an outstanding parking space that is truly near the terminals, and you’ll be in a position to keep up your peace of mind as you travel around the world without ever thinking twice about your automobile as you are gone.

To secure the very best parking rates possible, it’s always a good idea to book your airport parking ahead of time and internet bookings will normally reward you with a more discount and is going to lessen the time spent at the checkpoint. Long-term parking at an airport can be a costly proposition especially in case you would be gone for some time.

By doing research, you’re going to learn which kind of airport parking is giving you the best rates and deals. Individuals are stuck in the airport parking hoping to obtain a suitable space for their vehicle, which becomes a substantial issue.

The parking lots at airports are frequently very near the key terminals. Any good airport will provide easy accessibility to booking an ideal car through one of the numerous dependable brokers. If you flying into a global airport you’ve got the choice of picking up an automobile hire directly from the terminal and beginning your journey, however, there is additionally the option of an offsite car rental company and below are a few things that you might want to think about when booking your next rental vehicle.

You will be late everywhere because some portion of you doesn’t wish to acquire in the vehicle. Before choosing where you wish to park your auto, you need to do some research.

Today it is possible to travel without caring for your car because there’s somebody who will take decent care of your automobile parking requirements. If you delay unexpectedly, and you need to leave your vehicle for a lengthier time period, the auto park is going to be happy to take care of following your vehicle the full time until your return.

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What happens if you lose your gun?

Recently, a 16-year-old boy studying in Class-XI was found shot dead in the bathroom of school after a little dispute with one of his friends.

Do you think a 16-year-old boy could be an expert in using firearms intentionally?

And the question arises, from where did he get the pistol?

Later it was discovered as a lost weapon the boy found in the Public bathroom of a movie theater.

Steps to be taken when you lose your gun

Since there is not any National Registration System, ATF does not take any reports of lost or stolen firearms from private citizens. So, you need to contact the firearms dealer from where you purchased that gun. (Note that the gun should also have a FFL. You can check on the website to learn how to obtain FFL.)

If you are unable to reach the firearm dealer, contact your local Police Department immediately.

State Firearm Registration Office Services are available in some of the States. If you are a citizen of one among that State, you can report there. Being a gun owner, you should know what are your State’s laws on lost or stolen firearms. Also, you should report any loss of firearms within 48 hours or earlier to avoid crimes.

However, it is the best option if you could remember where you lost the gun and go back to look for it. In the meanwhile, if you move quickly and find your weapon, you are the lucky one.

What should you do if you are a dealer?

There is no Federal law to submit your report of lost firearms to ATF except for dealers and others with a Federal Firearm License. Being a dealer, you can take these steps after discovering the loss of any of your firearms:

1. You can send E-mail on the website (stolenfirearms@atf.gov). Keep in mind that you should send the report as early as possible to avoid criminal activity.

2. You can get the toll free number of the ATF’s stolen firearm Program Manager on the website. Talk with them and provide the Serial number, model and the place where you lost the gun if you remember. After that, they can assist you to prepare the loss Report for submission.

3. Call your local Law Enforcement Agency to report the case. The steps should be immediate for the quick recovery of the firearms.

Documentation you need

The first and the most important document you need to know about your gun is the Serial number. However, being an owner, it is your responsibility to have the serial number but if you don’t possess the same your weapon could be involved in Gun trafficking. Moreover, it becomes harder for you to claim the gun if it ever found without Serial Number. Also, you may need to file an insurance claim.

Gun trafficking

Moving the guns to the black market for threatening the crime across the country is called Gun Trafficking. Since there is no anti-trafficking law passed yet, so it is becoming easy for the criminals to use the illegal guns.

You should know the model and year of manufacture. From where and when you purchase the gun could be an important discussion in finding your gun. The police department asks you about the purchase price of the firearm.

If you have lost your gun in the Public place like a mall or a park, rush immediately to the Security Personnel of that place. Also. there are laws for the owners of the firearms to report the lost/stolen cases everywhere.

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How To Make Diamond Ring Look Bigger

As far as diamonds are precious stones, there are ways to make them look larger than they are. It can be done without spending extra money.

Choose a ring with several stones

Consider a style which uses several stones rather than one big stone. Find rings with diamonds mounted in rows and fitted into holes. In this setting, it is challenging to differentiate stones, it provides the illusion of bigger stones. Also find rings with side stones. A 3 stone engagement ring is a classic style. These 3 stones are said to symbolize the past, future and present. By adding two princess stones on the left and the right, the ring will look bigger. It’s because it draws to examine a ring as a whole piece and can catch looks.

Consider various color palettes and settings

Diamond in white gold – many people say that color will not change a diamond’s size, but it boils down to personal opinion. The majority believe that a stone that’s set in a white gold will make it look larger. The explanation for this is that white gold brings no colour into a diamond. Diamonds have a tendency to pick up hue and body tone and reflect it.

In case a tone is yellow, it’ll make your gemstone look yellow. Yellow diamonds seem smaller, whereas white seem bigger. Consider perfect illusion – to make diamond rings look bigger, choose an illusion setting. That is a method where precious stone is set on a mirror type plate before setting it to a band. A mirror plate reflects additional light, which makes a diamond look bigger and more brilliant. Buy cheap loose diamonds Los Angeles.

The disadvantage of this is that repairs are more strenuous, and may be expensive, as a result. All Within The Prongs type means that prong settings elevate their rock from a base, making it look bigger. Six prong heads cover up will make a diamond look bigger by obstructing light that enters it. Four prong settings are much cleaner, elegant and less gaudy. They also have more light that allows your gem to shine.

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Stereotypes In Education: How To Deal With Them?

During lessons pupils burst stereotypes that label groups or individuals. Students understand the meaning of the word “stereotype”. Work in groups to come up along with stereotype statements. It guarantees arousing pupils curiosity, if you leave it up to get a few days.

How to work with stereotypes in a classroom

Students take a piece of a paper. Ask students to write phrases or words which describe characteristics or attributes of a man under phrases or words which describe a female and a man. You may ask students to share some ideas to get a ball rolling.

Arrange students into groups and ask them to talk about their lists. As students share them, write them. What’s a stereotype? Write the word “stereotype”. Give students a few moments. Lead pupils to the conclusion, explain that statements are too general to be true, motivate them to realize that it is unfair to make such statements. Help students to make the association between phrases and exactly a term “stereotype”. Have students return to their counselling groups and ask them to develop together with stereotypes they may think of or have heard about. Tell them to maintain a list of the stereotypes they think of

Engage pupils to understand stereotypes philosophy

When the flow of stereotype statements appears to slow down, ask pupils in each group to take a final look at their own lists and mark with an asterisk 6-10 the most intriguing stereotypes. Each time a student shares a stereotype, hand that student a sentence strip sohe can write a stereotype on a sentence strip. Maths tutors Brisbane based. Instruct pupils to write large and bold, markers or crayons work best.

In case you’ve created a bulletin board to get an activity, ask pupils to read each sentence strip loudly and staple it next to a balloon about exactly a bulletin board. When all sentence strips are scratched at a board, lead a class discussion on each stereotype. Ask pupils, if e stereotype statements are fair statements.

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How To Choose Health Insurance

People often purchase health insurance. If you are going to buy your insurance, begin your research with sites which explain the principles. They’ll help you to understand terminology and theories of health insurance, which are not easy to grasp, and should provide you some questions to inquire about any plan.

Health insurance information

Many websites has useful information, but be aware that a website also provides paid advertising of insurance companies, selected partners that are in a company selling health insurance. Then you can noodle around internet-based brokerages that sell medical health insurance. Make certain you are purchasing insurance, not just some item such as a discount card. The best way is checking that a company is a real insurer. Be cautious about products when you can’t renew a plan, like insurance, that lasts for a fixed period of time.

Insurance agents

The first thing for buyers is to carefully consider several independent brokers before purchasing, to compare them. To find an agent, ask friends or members of your family for recommendations. You’ll find agents who specialize in medical health insurance or billing for physical therapy in your local companies providing such services. Online brokerages also typically have live brokers available to answer questions by telephone.

Check with your state regulator whether this agent has a valid license and a clean record, and ensure that medical insurance isn’t a sideline or a new specialty. You should search for an agent that represents a number of major insurers, as opposed to just one company.

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Physical Therapy Aspects

For choosing the best possible remedies, therapists diagnose and learn history of disease or any disorder. Experts want to be sure that patients will recover from their diseases and disorders. Therapies clinics provide the best therapies that are reliable.

What is a therapist task?

Professionals that play a role in analysis, diagnosis and efficient treatment of constraints back therapists. The health care or physiotherapy services include esophageal, neurological, cardiovascular, psychiatric, pediatric treatments etc. Therapists help in maintenance of recovery of physical fitness and treat patients. Treatment is offered after diagnosing the reason of a problem and doctors control all processes.

There are also specialists skilled in treating post-surgical joints, arthritis, amputations, intense sports injuries etc. They facilitate patients in recovering from ailments and diseases that affect tendons, ligaments, bones and muscles of a body. The methods in this program comprise resistance training, functional electric stimulation packs and mobilization.

Some therapists also provide efficient back pain treatment that can help to fight pain. A few of the common signs of knee pain are tingling, fatigue, stiffness, excruciating pain, acute and chronic back pain in addition to bowel and urinary bladder dysfunction. So, a therapist practice comprises many treatment aspects in various directions.

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Physical Therapy Types You Should Know

There are many specific fields physiotherapists can choose to specialise in. The areas consist of pediatrics, women’s health, sports medicine and more. Let’s consider some of them.


This is the treatment of bones and muscles. The most common forms of injuries and ailments which fall into this type are common ailments such as chronic back pain, arthritis, sprains, sports injuries, posture issues, reduced mobility as well as incontinence. In addition to operation, rehabilitation is also offered.

Cardiothoracic and neurological

It regards to the treatment of ailments concerning the respiratory system. Including things such as asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema. This form of physiotherapy can also help in rehabilitation after thoracic surgery.

Neurological disorders. For instance, treatment is required by those people who’ve had a spinal cord injury or have multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease. They also can be assisted by means of physiotherapy. Rehabilitation helps a lot as well.

Techniques and programs

To be able to treat a wide range of conditions, physiotherapists use many techniques.
Therapy – containing massage, stretching, resistance training in addition to spinal and joint mobilisation.
Programs – special exercises under direction and guidance of your a doctor. It can include stretching training, muscle strengthening and posture retraining.
Techniques – include treatment methods such as laser treatment transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation, diathermy and ultrasound.

There is a variety of techniques in addition to most popular ones. Many of those treatments include: correcting incorrect sports techniques, taping and splinting, providing information on equipment aids, for example, wheelchairs and walking frames. The real purpose of physiotherapy is to restore the functions of a body, if the issue is in a musculoskeletal, a neurological or a cardiothoracic condition.

Always ensure that a physiotherapist you’re visiting is qualified. Remember, you do not need a physician’s referral to see a physiotherapist. However, if you have an ailment, talking to your general practitioner, if you’re unsure, is never a bad idea, instead of directly going to a physical therapist.

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